||All rendered content must be placed inside of container elements with appropriate ARIA landmark roles.
- Landmarks provide a way to organize the various types of content on a page for users of assistive technologies. The organization of content regions using landmarks is functionally similar to the way visual designers organize information for people who rely on a graphical rendering of the content.
- When content is not contained in a landmark, it will be unreachable using landmark navigation, which is an important feature provided by assistive technologies such as screen readers.
HTML5 and ARIA Techniques
|WCAG 2.0 Success Criteria
1.3.1 Info and Relationships (Level A, Primary Success Criterion)
all rendered content
- Use the appropriate landmarks to identify the different regions of content on a web page.
- The most important landmark roles are
navigation, as nearly every page will include at least those regions.
- Other commonly used landmark roles include
- Use HTML5 sectioning elements that have a default ARIA landmark role:
complementary) and in some situations
contentinfo). When using these elements, the
role attribute should NOT be defined.
- In HTML4 and XHTML 1.0 documents, a landmark can be created using a
div element with a
role attribute and the appropriate ARIA landmark role value (e.g.,
search role is typically placed on a
form element or a
div that surrounds the search form.
applet tags may be used to render content. Use inspection tools to determine if any of these elements actually render content on the page.